Environment & Development Program

Projet FARE | Cashew nut sector & ecosystem restoration in Cameroon

Support the restoration of degraded areas around the Bénoué National Park and increase the resilience of ecosystems and riparian communities. 

 

Projet FARE | Cashew nut sector & ecosystem restoration in Cameroon

Context

The North Cameroon region is under significant direct pressure (increase in demography, migration linked to cross-border conflicts, human activities and habitats threatening biodiversity, impoverishment of population) and indirect (climate change) on its protected areas, including the National Park of Bénoué (NPB).

It constitutes an important issue of nature conservation in Central Africa. Made up mainly of Sudano-Sahelian savannah ecosystems, this area is particularly known for harbouring a large number of flagship animal species representative of this type of habitat: giraffes, Derby elands, hippos, crocodiles etc.

Reforestation of multipurpose trees, such as the plantation of cashew trees, has been identified locally as being able to help preserve or even restore the environment in this area.

In March 2019, Planète Urgence initiated the pilot project “Cashew Nut and Ecosystem Restoration” (FARE) which supports its partner, the civil society organization CERAF-Nord, in the implementation of a reforestation project of cashew trees, restoration of wildlife migration corridors and support for the production and maintenance of cashew orchards for the development of the sector, in favour of populations bordering the Bénoué national park.

Goal

Support the restoration of degraded areas around the Bénoué National Park and increase the resilience of ecosystems and riparian communities, by reforesting multipurpose trees and supporting the emergence of the cashew sector. .

Activities

Three main axes: the restoration of degraded areas by the reforestation of cashew orchards on the outskirts of Bénoué National Park, capacity building of producers in the cashew sector in terms of techniques and monitoring of plantations and support them in their structuring of collective sales. 

 

 

Environnement Planète UrgenceRestoration of ecosystems: participating in the restoration of degraded areas by the reforestation of cashew orchards on the outskirts of the Bénoué National Park is the central action of the project.  

 

 

Développement économique Planète UrgenceLocal economic development: structuring of producer groups in the functional cashew nut sector, storage and stores set up for collective sale.  

 

 

Sensibilisation à l'environnement Planète UrgenceAwareness: train producers in the cashew sector on techniques for creating and maintaining nurseries, monitoring orchards and carrying out participatory discussions on the organization to be implemented to structure the players in this future sector.  

 

Expected impact

  • REFORESTATION OF PERIPHERAL ZONES OF THE PARK  

Participating in the restoration of areas degraded by the reforestation of cashew orchards on the outskirts of Bénoué National Park is the central action of the project.

The intervention will consist of collaborating with the farmers mobilized within the targeted communities to set up community and individual nurseries, as well as reforest the cashew seedlings thus produced, while ensuring the protection of nurseries and plants orchards.

This will also involve concertation and awareness-rising actions. The beneficiaries will thus be equipped with the tools and knowledge that will in turn raise awareness among other members of their communities and future generations. The trees planted will promote the regeneration of natural corridors degraded until then by increasing human pressure (residents and migrants in search of cultivable land and housing) and consequently, the return of wildlife to these migration corridors which are supposed to ensure natural connectivity between the 3 national parks of the northern region.

The project will thus have a positive impact in terms of biodiversity protection and increased capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change, but also in terms of mitigation through carbon storage enable by ecosystem regeneration.  

 

  • ECONOMIC INDEPENDENCE OF COMMUNITIES 

Raise public awareness of the importance of reforestation and the diversification of income sources.

In order to promote the empowerment of communities, Planète Urgence and its partner wish to strengthen the capacities of producers in the cashew sector (in gestation) in terms of cultivation techniques and monitoring of plantations, and also subsequently to support their structuring.

Producers will ultimately have improved living conditions thanks to the income generated by the production and sale of cashew nuts. This will help to diversify and secure their livelihoods, particularly during lean periods when, in this Sudano-Sahelian region with only two annual seasons (dry and wet), harvests of traditional local crops are scarce.

In the longer term, the collaboration “Conservation of the Bénoué park – local associations – communities and villages – companies in the cashew sector” could generate the following impacts: reduction of anthropogenic pressure on the resources of the GNP (fauna and flora), creation of additional income for the communities, new processing activities for cashew tree products (juice made from cashew apples), etc.  

Institutional, technical and financial partners

Implementing partner: the local association CERAF-Nord

ODD


The FARE project contributes, at its scale, to the achievement of the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) suivants :

Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence

Summary of the project

Cameroun, 3 parcs nationaux de la région Nord, dont le Parc National de la Bénoué (PNB)
Start of the project : 2019
40000 trees planted
1600 direct beneficiaries
5000 indirect beneficiaries
ODD

The FARE project contributes, at its scale, to the achievement of the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) suivants :

Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence