Environment & Development Program

Projet MAHAKAM | Mangrove restoration and local development

MAHAKAM project / Mangrove restoration and local development (Borneo, Indonesia) 

Projet MAHAKAM | Mangrove restoration and local development

Context

Indonesia alone is home to ¼ of the world’s mangrove. On a global scale, this coastal tropical forest is identified as a key forest for regulating the global climate, thanks to its carbon storage capacities.

In the Mahakam Delta (Borneo Island), the project’s intervention area, 70% of the mangrove ecosystem is degraded due to the installation of unsustainable aquaculture basins while 90% of the local population of the region depends on these fishing activities. This degradation reduces the marine resources of the area while increasing the vulnerability of coastal communities.

Indeed, the mangrove is home to a varied fauna such as fish, shrimps and crabs which find the nutrients necessary to feed and reproduce.

It also acts as a barrier to extreme events, whether climatic or not (tropical storms, tsunamis) and to rising sea and river levels, thus reducing the risk of flooding of aquaculture lands and basins, the livelihoods of local communities.

Finally, it is home to endangered species such as the nasal monkey, endemic to the island of Borneo.

Goal

Contribute to the sustainable restoration of the mangrove ecosystem in the Mahakam Delta by reducing the vulnerability of communities to the effects of climate change. 

Activities

Four principal axes : Restoring the mangrove ecosystem in the Mahakam Delta, supporting local economic development, in particular through the implementation of sustainable fishing models, environmental awareness among a wide audience, including the youngest and support for sustainable territorial management.

Environnement Planète UrgenceRestoration of forest ecosystems:  Mangrove trees are planted within degraded areas at the coast, river banks, aquaculture basins and within the corridor promoting nasal monkey mobility. Planète Urgence and its partners strive to regularly monitor plantations, at least over 3 years and to innovate in the search for their protection. 

 

 

Développement économique Planète UrgenceSustainable economic development: This project aims to support the deployment of income-generating activities that respects the initial and restored mangrove forest in the delta for local communities (establishment of sustainable fishing models by restoring, for example, aquaculture basins that were once overexploited and have lost productivity). It also aims to ensure access to land for fishermen and their recognition by the forest administration in order to enhance their sustainable practices. 

 

 

Sensibilisation à l'environnement Planète UrgenceEnvironnmental awareness:  in order to engage future generations, the project trains primary school teachers in the challenges of protecting mangroves and biodiversity in order to conduct awareness campaigns in schools. They are equipped via the creation of comics, videos and games created as part of the project. Work is also being carried out with decentralized actors in the Ministry of Education to update local science curricula. In addition, radio spots are developed to promote debates between experts and listeners on the links between the protection of mangrove forests and the economy, climate change and biodiversity.

 

 

Appui gestion durable Planète UrgenceSupport for sustainable territorial management: Communities and local authorities are supported in the development of village management plans in a participatory manner. The challenge is to be able to determine the use of village areas (primary forests, forests to be rehabilitated, habitats, plots intended for agriculture etc.) and to include it in local public policies

Expected impact

  • The project thus aims to contribute to the conservation and development of the carbon source and biodiversity reserve constituted by the Mahakam Delta mangrove, to preserve the ecosystem services it provides and to improve the livelihoods of local communities, by reducing their vulnerability to climate change. 

 

  • Reforestation of degraded areas of the Mahakam Delta by planting mangrove trees will help protect natural and human habitats from disaster risks related to tsunamis, sea level rise, salt water infiltration and soil abrasion.

 

  • Ownership and sustainability of mangrove restoration will require the promotion and implementation of sustainable aquaculture practices, strengthening the capacities of aquaculture producers and developing sustainable demonstration basins in the region. This approach will be combined with support for local and sustainable economic sectors, awareness in favour of mangrove preservation, as well as support for local actors in the definition and implementation of local land use plans.

Institutional, technical and financial partners

Implementation partners : BIOMA andYML local associations.

ODD


The MAHAKAM project contributes, at its scale, to the achievement of the following Sustainable Development Goals:

Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence

Summary of the project

Indonésie, Île de Bornéo, delta de Mahakam
Start of the project : 2013
1242344 trees planted
4005 direct beneficiaries
15426 indirect beneficiaries
ODD

The MAHAKAM project contributes, at its scale, to the achievement of the following Sustainable Development Goals:

Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence