Programme Environnement & Développement

Projet DIABE | Integrated Development, Planning and Wood-Energy

Projet DIABE | Integrated Development, Planning and Wood-Energy

Contexte

The vast majority of the inhabitants of the intervention area of this project use wood fuels * (96.6% in urban areas and 99.6% in rural areas in Analamanga region, SRAB, 2019). Spending on cooking energy needs often represents a significant portion of household budgets. A large part of households still uses traditional cooking stoves with low energy efficiency, despite progressive equipment in improved stoves. Overall, it is estimated that around 23% of Malagasy households buy wood or charcoal against 77% who collect wood for free (Etc Terra Rongead, 2018).

In a context marked by reduced or limited dietary diversity, a tendency to undertook meals (which increases the risk of foodborne illness), to skip meals (which can lead to malnutrition, especially with children) and to resort to insufficiently nutritious foods and too short cooking times, increased availability and access to green charcoal (produced using improved carbonization techniques known as TAC), improved stoves and nutritional awareness by households beneficiaries in the area will promote the consumption of food of better quality, in quantity and of better nutritional value.

The increase in the availability of wood energy and the dissemination of alternatives with improved yields is therefore likely to generate, on the one hand, savings in the time spent collecting wood (sometimes up to several hours per day in traveling distances that tend to lengthen).

On the other hand, the use of improved stoves instead of inefficient traditional stoves can significantly reduce the amount of wood or charcoal used for cooking (around 30% less charcoal, for example for improved stoves developed in within the framework of the AFIBERIA, ASA, 2019 project) and therefore to reduce fuel expenses (or the time spent collecting wood) accordingly.

It will also contribute to reducing the time and workload of women especially concerning wood fuel supply, and will generate savings for these households.  

 

*Wood used directly or indirectly as fuel for energy production  

Objectif

Contribute to the sustainable improvement of the income as well as food and nutritional security of rural households, actors and beneficiaries of the wood-energy sector, in particular women and children as well as the preservation of the natural environment in the peri-urban area of Antananarivo.

Activités

Four main axes :

 

Environnement Planète UrgencePreservation of forests and endangered biodiversity : production of young plants for new wood fuel plantations, replanting of old plots and restoration of coppice. Reforesters will be supported in the establishment of new plantations and the maintenance and/or replanting of old reforestation. Each year, assessment and planning workshops will be organised by municipality to compare the achievements with the goals set. This project will thus help limit the deforestation of endemic natural forests, the loss of biodiversity and the impact on the climate of the associated carbon emissions.  

 

Développement économique Planète UrgencePromotion of sustainable local development : charcoal maker and crafts maker producing improved stoves are supported in the production, marketing and labelling of their products. At the end of the training, these people will be encouraged to form associations or cooperatives to facilitate the pooling of resources (funds, experiences). The establishment of coal sales outlets through this grouping will be encouraged, for a reduction in the marketing circuit and an increase in the margins of the charcoal producers. Marketing and promotion actions will also be supported.

 

Sensibilisation à l'environnement Planète UrgenceEnvironmental awareness: awareness-raising workshops in reforestation communes where the expected objectives are presented and stakeholders made aware of the value of the activities (new plantations, maintenance of old plots, restoration of coppice, training of nurserymen and reforesters and reforesters). The participation of women in these workshops will be encouraged and local project agents will also be identified during these sessions. 

 

 

Appui gestion durable Planète UrgenceSustainable territorial management : the process of developing Reforestation Management Plans (PGR) will be initiated in each reforestation commune. Charcoal makers and artisans producing improved stoves are structured and supported in the production and marketing of TAC charcoal. The networking and networking of these actors will be strengthened. All the players in the wood-energy sector (reforesters, foresters, final beneficiaries / consumers) will be mobilized within platforms dedicated to the wood-energy sector (PBE), municipal and inter-municipal. These PBEs, integrating the municipal authorities and the environment and sustainable development cantonments (CEDD), will define the methods of local (municipal and inter-municipal) decentralized forest control (CFD), in line with the regional CFD.  

Impact attendu

 Expected result n°1 : The potential for wood-fuel production in the basins supplying the capital is improved and reforestation is sustainably managed through effective reforestation management plans (PGR). 

  • 4,500 additional ha of plantations including 500 ha of agroforestry systems and 1,000 ha of old coppice restoration. As an indication, this represents around 6 million trees planted, including 1.3 million for the geographical area under the responsibility of PU. 
  • 60 nurserymen and 6000 reforesters trained(e)s 
  • 19,500 ha of potentially avoided deforestation in the intervention areas (in estimated hectares of natural forests) 

 

 Expected result n°2 : Reduction in the share of household expenditure intended for fuelwood needs (we hope to go from 11% to 8%)  

  • 10,000 rural households and 40,000 additional urban households benefiting from access to improved charcoal (TAC) and efficient households in the 3 intervention regions (Itasy, Analamanga, Alaotra-Mangoro)  
  • 300 additional catering professionals (restaurants, canteens, etc.) benefiting from access to improved stoves (FA) in the intervention area  
  • Reduction in the share of household expenditure intended for fuelwood needs (we hope to go from 11% to 8%)
  • Expected reduction of 30% in the proportion of beneficiary women and children whose dietary diversity score is “poor”

 

A study carried out as part of the action will aim in particular to better demonstrate that the use of TAC coal and / or FA reduces toxic gas emissions and therefore the risk of respiratory diseases. The project approach will be based on training, support and structuring of actors, support for the marketing and labelling of green charcoal and FA, in relation with the administrations and decentralized territorial communities. 

Awareness-raising actions aimed at the general public on the nutritional, economic and ecological benefits of “green” charcoal will be stepped up. Awareness will aim to foster ownership and acceptance of modern cooking solutions and reduce energy consumption through social and behaviour change strategies focused on healthier and more energy efficient practices.

 

 Expected result n°3 : Producers are better structured, their capacities are strengthened, their products are labeled and their integration into short marketing circuits is contractualized.

  • Increased structuring of producers (cooperatives, unions, federations, platforms of actors in the wood-energy value chain set up), strengthening of their capacities (improved techniques of reforestation and carbonization, quality control, negotiation, marketing, management), labelling of their products (green charcoal and fuel-efficient stoves) and contractualization of their integration into short marketing circuits
  • 2,500 beneficiary producers within 4 years 
  • 19.6 billion Ariary (nearly 5 M €), over the duration of the project, of potential additional profit generated by the actors and actors of the wood-energy sector (nurserymen, reforesters, charcoal makers, craftsmen and producers of improved stoves, TAC / FA coal dealers)

The project will help to ensure the economic viability of the AM production workshops, and to promote a “fair” market price over the long term, capable of ensuring the sustainability of the improvement in the efficiency of the sector. AF which will be broadcast remaining at a reasonable cost and quickly profitable thanks to the better energy efficiency of AF and TAC coal and the savings generated in fuel.

 

The income of target groups (nurserymen, charcoal makers, artisanal producers of FA, resellers of charcoal and / or FA, and eventually reforesters) will be sustainably improved by the quantitative and qualitative increase in their production, justifying a higher selling price. along the wood-energy value chain. The adoption of improved stoves by beneficiary households will improve the diet and nutrition of beneficiaries and in particular of the most vulnerable people via several impact paths such as reducing the work overload of women / mothers and saving time. aimed at infant and young child feeding (IYCF) care practices, savings in fuel purchases, and improved quality, quantity and nutritional value of foods. 

 

 Expected result n°4 : The wood-energy platforms (PBE, bringing together the administration, local authorities and all the actors of the BE sector in the municipalities of intervention) are operational, with a budget and make it possible to ensure analysis and permanent monitoring of the wood-energy value chain as well as local decentralized forestry control.

The action of the PBEs will help to compensate for the shortage of judicial police officers and forest administration agents to fully ensure the respect and application of the texts on the sustainable exploitation of forest resources, in particular wood. -energy. More generally, the project will participate in structuring local communities (PBEs, associations, cooperatives) to effectively manage these resources, and to optimize the income of producers, currently disadvantaged in their balance of power with intermediaries and other economic operators.

 

 

The action of the PBEs will help to compensate for the shortage of judicial police officers and forest administration agents to fully ensure the respect and application of the texts on the sustainable exploitation of forest resources, in particular wood. -energy. More generally, the project will participate in structuring local communities (PBEs, associations, cooperatives) to effectively manage these resources, and to optimize the income of producers, currently disadvantaged in their balance of power with intermediaries and other economic operators.

 

Negative environmental impacts will be minimized through innovative practices such as the recycling / reuse of nursery bags, the use of organic phytosanitary products and the reduction of toxic gas emissions during the production of charcoal and its combustion in improved stoves. Reforestation will increase carbon sequestration in soils / litter / trees through better planting growth and above-ground and underground biodiversity through the mixture of species.

 

This project is consistent with the vision of the National Sustainable Development Plan (PND) to “build a new Madagascar, […] world leader in the enhancement and preservation of its immense natural capital based on strong and inclusive growth in the region. service of equitable and sustainable development of all territories ”. 

This initiative follows on from the ASA program (Support program for Agrosilviculture around Antananarivo), which consisted in particular of the 3 projects ARINA (carried by CIRAD with PARTAGE), ADIAFO (carried by AIM) and AFIBERIA (carried by PU ) from 2015 to 2019. The 4 partners have joined forces for this new DIABE project with a budget of 3.68 M € financed at 95% by the European Union (3.5 M €), with therefore 5% to co-finance by each partner. 

 

Partenaires institutionnels, techniques et financiers

  • Republic of Madagascar, contracting administration and project leader through the External Cooperation Support Office (BACE) of the Ministry of Economy and Finance 
  • European Union, main technical and financial partner, financing the project up to 95% within the framework of the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) 
  • Malagasy Association Action Intercooperation Madagascar (AIM), implementing partner 
  • Center for International Cooperation in Agronomic Research for Development (CIRAD), implementing partner 

ODD


The DIABE project contributes, at its scale, to the achievement of the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): 

Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence

Résumé du projet

Madagascar, 79 communes de 9 districts des régions Analamanga, Itasy et Alaotra-Mangoro
Début du projet : Novembre 2020
6000000 arbres plantés
6060 bénéficiaires directs
50000 bénéficiaires indirects
ODD

The DIABE project contributes, at its scale, to the achievement of the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): 

Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence Objectif de Développement Durable Planète Urgence

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